Copyright Kent Past 2010
The History of Kent
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History of Richborough
Rutupiae was the Roman name for Richborough, which they founded when first landing
in England in 43AD.
It has commonly been accepted that the Romans landed at Richborough in the 43AD invasion, because of the existence of 1st Century ditches and fortifications on the site. The Romans built the emplacements to protect their bridgehead and supply depot.
As the fighting moved north, Rutupiae became an increasingly large civilian settlement. It had temples; an amphitheatre and a Mansio (first built in 100AD, and went through several phases, being a hotel for visiting officials, bath house and administration building).
As a port, the town always competed with Portus Dubris (modern Dover). The Roman Empire held the Richborough oyster in high regard and some literary works used ‘Rutupiae’ as a synonym for the whole coast of Britain.
During the late 3rd century, this large civilian town remilitarised by its conversion into a Saxon Shore Fort -
Though some stone buildings existed in the interior, most of its buildings composed of timber. There existed a central rectangular building built of stone, -
During the decline of the Roman Empire, the Romans eventually abandoned